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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-158

Vision-Related quality of life after corneal transplantation


1 Department of Operating Room, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center; Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fardin Amiri
Department of Operating Room, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JOCO.JOCO_98_20

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Purpose: To determine the vision-related quality of life (VR-QoL) and its dimensions in corneal transplant recipients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 100 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty. Data collection tools included a demographic questionnaire, satisfaction questionnaire, and Persian version of the 39-item National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ 39). Results: The composite score of VR-QoL in corneal transplant recipients was 54.39 ± 9.22 (32.9–71.01). The highest mean score among subscales was related to color vision (74.75 ± 27.63) and the lowest related to dependency (31.06 ± 31.02). The results showed that there is a reverse correlation between VR-QoL with both age (r = −0.364;P < 0.001) and the numbers of years after the transplantation (r = −0.362;P < 0.001). However, there was a correlation between satisfaction and VR-QoL (r = 0.679;P < 0.001). Furthermore, the results showed that there is a significant difference in VR-QoL between men and women (P < 0.001) and also a significant difference in VR-QoL between unilateral and bilateral graft recipients (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The corneal transplant has the highest impact on color vision and the lowest on dependency. Moreover, the results of this study provide a comprehensive picture for the state of vision and overall health status of patients for health-care providers to enhance the patient care.


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